Self Funded Health Insurance Plan
The cost of a self-funded plan has fixed components similar to an insurance premium, e.g., administration fees, stop-loss premium, and variable costs (the claims expense). The administrative fees, stop-loss premiums, and any other set fees charged per employee are referred to as fixed costs and are billed monthly based on plan enrollment just like an insurance premium. The employer sponsoring a self-funded plan also pays the claims costs incurred by the covered persons enrolled in the plan, and this cost varies from month to month based on healthcare use by the covered persons. Stop-loss insurance reimbursements are made if the claims costs exceed the catastrophic claims levels in the policy. Ultimately, the total cost of a self-funded plan is the fixed costs plus the claims expense less any stop-loss reimbursements.
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